After weighing all the facts, Nikki Haley concluded that ending the Iran nuclear deal may not be “easy,” but it is the right thing to do.
The US Ambassador to the United Nations (UN) laid out an argument Tuesday for the US to declare Iran in violation of the nuclear deal, but suggested the Trump administration might then leave it to Congress to decide whether to withdraw.
In a speech to the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank, Ambassador Nikki Haley said she didn’t know what decision Trump would ultimately make, as a series of deadlines approach. Yet she said Trump would be on solid ground if he did decide against certifying Iran’s compliance, and added, “What happens next is significantly in Congress’ hands.”
“I get that Congress doesn’t want this. This is not an easy situation for Congress,” Haley said. “But our lives are not about being easy. Our lives are about being right.”
The Trump administration has been debating for months whether to scuttle the nuclear deal, as Trump threatened to do as a candidate, despite opposition from US allies who negotiated the deal with former President Barack Obama’s administration.
Under pressure from both sides, the administration has been exploring possible halfway options, such as declaring Iran in violation but leaving its relief from nuclear sanctions in place at least temporarily.
While a US law passed to codify the nuclear deal gives lawmakers some oversight, the agreement is not a treaty. It’s been widely assumed until now that responsibility lies with the White House, not Congress, to determine continued US participation in the deal.
Under the nuclear deal and the related US law, the president must tell Congress every 90 days whether Tehran is complying with its obligations under the deal, in which Iran agreed to roll back its nuclear program in exchange for billions of dollars in sanctions relief.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN agency that monitors the deal, said as recently as last week that Iran was complying.
Considering the Full Picture
The Trump administration’s argument for Iran’s noncompliance has centered on narrowing the lines between pursuit of nuclear weapons, which is forbidden under the deal, and Iran’s other transgressions, like support for terrorists in the Middle East. The nuclear deal was intentionally structured to avoid those issues so the nuclear threat could be prioritized, in what’s become critics’ chief complaint about the deal.
But Haley suggested another way Iran could be deemed to be violating its nuclear obligations: its ballistic missile development, also excluded from the deal but still illegal under other UN resolutions.
“You can call it non-nuclear all you want: Missile technology cannot be separate from pursuit of a nuclear weapon,” Haley said.
“Under its structure, we must consider not just the Iranian regime’s technical violations of the JCPOA, but also its violations of [UN Security Council] Resolution 2231 and its long history of aggression,” Haley said referring to the resolution enacting the nuclear deal. “We must consider the regime’s repeated, demonstrated hostility toward the United States. We must consider its history of deception about its nuclear program. We must consider its ongoing development of ballistic missile technology.”
The Trump administration has faced two of the 90-day certification deadlines so far, and both times avoided the showdown and said Iran was meeting the conditions needed to keep enjoying sanctions relief. But Trump more recently has said he does not expect to certify Iran’s compliance again. The next deadline is in mid-October.
Questioned about the approach during a speech at the American Enterprise Institute, Haley insisted she wasn’t preordaining what should or shouldn’t happen. She also acknowledged that US allies in Europe are pushing Washington to stay in the deal, but added: “This is about US national security. This is not about European security.”
“If the president finds that he cannot in good faith certify Iranian compliance, he would initiate a process whereby we move beyond narrow technicalities and look at the big picture,” Haley said.
By: AP and JNS.org